BCSSGA Safety Tool Kit
Job Hazard Assessments
Orientation and Competencies
PPE(Personal Protective Equipment)
Cleaning tail pulleys and return rollers
Around 17% of all non-maintenance stationary equipment accidents occur around return rollers, resulting in several fatalities each year. Cleaning tail pulleys and return rollers must be done carefully. Remember to:
- Check for poor guarding, and equipment in use or equipment not locked out.
- Guard all tail pulleys that can be reached at any time.
- Lock out and tag out the conveyor before removing a guard (never reach around a guard.)
- Design guards so the pulley can be cleaned without removing the guard.
- Install scrapers rather than cleaning moving idlers. Lock out for manual cleaning. Adjust belts from the return side. Use proper tools.
- Never reach around a guard. Be aware of your hand position at all times. Guard all rollers likely to have accidental contact.
When working with mobile equiment, check for: excessive speed, crossing traffic lanes, and traffic congestion. Watch your speed, and stay in the proper lanes. Check your equipment (brakes, signals) before each use, as well as checking breaks each time you approach a steep grade or elevated dump. Never move or change direction without using a warning signal or flagger.
Equipment rollover or burial
Avoid excessive speed, steep grades, soft shoulders, unstable high walls, and poor berms. Berms should be at least half as high as the largest tire. Check the ground for soft shoulders (cracks, water, slumps). In addition:
- Never drive on top of a high wall or stockpile that is being loaded out from below.
- Use fall protection if working from an unguarded platform. Never work between equipment and high walls, or stockpiles.
- Avoid uneven or poor footing, hot or frozen surfaces, and cramped work spaces. Always plan your moves on equipment before working. Inspect all handholds and footholds.
- Make sure all ladders, footholds, and handholds are in good repair.
Ramps and dumping facilities
Examine the dump site before each dump (berms, ground stability, overhead clearance, traffic). When backing in, aim to be square to the berm or bumper stop. Stay at least one truck length away from the edge of the dump. Always wear your seat belt. Use consolidated material for berms. Place berms on solid ground, not loose fill. Berms should be mid-axle high as measured on the largest piece of mobile equipment using the travel way. Immediately repair or replace all berms that have been run over or run up against. Make sure all spotters, alarms, and flashing strobe lights are used as backup warnings. Scan the site and task at hand before starting work. Work as far from moving equipment as possible. Communicate with other workers and make eye contact with them. Employees should be trained on the procedures, policies, and safe practices of working safely during sand and gravel pit operations. Stay alert and be aware of your surroundings.